Almost half of Montenegrin citizens believe corruption is one of the biggest problems in Montenegro, in addition to unemployment and low incomes.
This is what the study on the presence of corruption in Montenegro has shown, executed by DeFacto agency for the needs of the Center for Democratic Transition (CDT). Research was conducted in the framework of SELDI (Southeast European leadership for development and integrity), of which CDT is a member.
The survey was conducted from January 24 to February 10, on a sample of 1040 respondents.
Data show that every fifth citizen admitted to giving bribe in the past year, and nearly one in four that they were asked to give it.
This number is lower than in 2014, when every third citizen said they gave or was asked to give a bribe.
The data show that, the higher the social status, the higher the number of citizens who paid bribes. Thus, almost a third of citizens who say that they belong to higher social strata, admits that they directly participated in corrupt activities during the last year.
The vast majority of citizens, or 73 percent, believe that the judicial system is inefficient when it comes to corruption, while 64 percent say that laws in Montenegro are not being implemented.
A third of citizens believe corruption in Montenegro will always exist, but may be limited to some degree. It is positive that 40 percent believe corruption can be significantly reduced.
Which institutions are the most corrupt?
When it comes to institutions, citizens say political parties, the Government, the Parliament, the municipal government and the institution of the President are the most corrupt.
Half of the citizens believe that the majority of employees in the public sector are involved in corruption. Furthermore, every second citizen thinks they would probably have to bribe officials in order to solve a problem.
When it comes to groups of social actors that citizens of Montenegro perceive as the most corrupt, more than half indicates leaders of political parties, local political leaders and ministers.
According to citizens, corruption is least represented in the army, which is the institution in which citizens have traditionally high confidence.
Also perceived as the least corrupt are the Ministry of Education and the University of Montenegro.